Channel is frequently updated information residing on a
Web server. Users can subscribe to the channel if they
have a CDF (Channel Definition Language) capable browser
(e.g. Internet Explorer)
that points to another name. Aliases are used to make
the original name easier to remember or to protect the
is an embedded program on a web site. Applets are
usually written in the coding language called Java. They
are normally used for creating a virtual object that may
move or interact with the web site. An applet is like a
small piece of executable code that needs a full
application to run it.
Server Pages (ASP)
Server Pages allow web developers to make their sites
dynamic with database driven content. The code is mainly
written in VB Script, and it is produced on the server
of the web site instead of the browser of your web site
visitors. The server reads the ASP code and then
translates it to HTML.
Streaming is the process of providing audio content on a
web site. This takes up a large amount of bandwidth,
especially if you get a lot of visitors at your site.
Some hosts do not allow audio or video streaming because
the amount of time within a 24 hour period a system is
active or available for servicing requests. For example,
if a hosting company says it is available 99.9% of the
time, they are claiming that your web site will up all
the time except for about 8 seconds each day. Over the
course of a year, in this example, the hosting company
is claiming that your site will only be unavailable
(couldn't surf to it) for 48 minutes.
is a high-speed line or series of connections that forms
a major pathway within a network. The term is relative
as a backbone in a small network will likely be much
smaller than many non-backbone lines in a large network.
In general, the better the backbone of the hosting
company, the better the availability of the web sites
that run on their computers.
backing up of data on servers to prevent the loss of
data should something happen to the server. If you think
you may need to restore old data in case of a disaster,
it may make sense to choose regular backups.
the client software that displays (interprets) the HTML
code it receives from the server. All browsers work
slightly different and one may not display the pages
correctly if the code was developed exclusively for
another browser. Today the two main browsers are
Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape.
C+ and C++
are programming languages. Some hosting companies
provide access to C+ and C++ class libraries if your web
site contains these types of program modules. Once your
web site has been constructed, you will know whether
access to C+ or C++ will be required.
(Common Gateway Interface)
A CGI is a
program that translates data from a web server and then
displays that data on a web page or in an email. CGI
involves the transfer of data between a server and a CGI
program (called a script). This allows HTML pages to
interact with other programming applications. These
scripts make web pages interactive. Page counters,
forms, guest books, random text/images and other
features can be driven by CGI scripts.
is used to describe the ratio of clicks to impressions
on an advertisement, usually a banner ad. If a banner
has been shown 100 times and 3 people click on it, it
will have a 3% click through ratio.
is an application which simplifies database queries by
allowing for a simpler programming language to handle
functions between the user's browser, the server, and
the database. After you have developed your web site,
you will know whether ColdFusion is a requirement. If
you have not used ColdFusion to develop your site, you
should ignore this feature.
Co-location means housing a web server that you own in
the facilities of a hosting provider.
package of tools permitting easy site management and
editing. It is a very important feature to have. By
having your own control panel, you can maintain basic
information about your site, mail boxes, etc.
is a message given to a Web browser by a Web server. The
browser stores the message in a text file called
cookie.txt. The message is then sent back to the server
each time the browser requests a page from the server.
The main purpose of cookies is to identify users and
possibly prepare customised Web pages for them.
(Cascading Style Sheets)
used to add more functionality to simple HTML pages.
Internet Explorer 3.0 and up support a good portion of
CSS, while Netscape 4.0 and up supports a small amount
of CSS - a fully compliant browser does not exist yet.
web site will leverage a database to store information,
database support by the hosting company will be
required. After you have developed your web site, you
will know which database will be required. Some commonly
used database programs are SQL Server, MySQL, Access,
Oracle, and FoxPro.
the amount of data that is transferred from an account
as visitors view the pages of the web site. If you have
a web site with lots of video, audio, and images that
gets many visitors per day, you would have to make sure
that you choose a hosting package that will allow large
amounts of data to be transferred. As a general rule,
500 MB of data transfer is equivalent to 20,000 page
hosting company provides you with an entire hosting
setup including your own server hardware that only you
can use. This means a much faster loading time for your
site because the entire computer is "dedicated" to
running the server software. A dedicated server makes
sense for web sites that require higher availability and
higher data transfer rates.
indicates the amount of disk space that will be
available to you on the server to hold your web site
files. Normally because HTML files are small, a web site
(unless it has extensive graphics or database
functionality) will be small, as low as 1 or 2 MB in
windows explorer to check the total MB of your site
while it is still on your development machine. Then
perhaps double your sites current size so that you have
room to grow. When you check the total MB of your site
don't forget to include the total MB of your graphics
rule of thumb is to assume approx. 50 KB per page (1 MB
= 1000 KB, 1 GB = 1000 MB).
the option to 'park' your domain name without actually
having your web site up and running. This is a nice
option if you want to acquire a domain name for your web
site well ahead of having the web site itself designed
the unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain
Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots.
Technically, the domain name is a name that identifies
an IP address. To most of us, it simply means
www.yourname.com. Because the Internet is based on IP
addresses, not domain names, web servers depend on a
Domain Name System (DNS) to translate domain names into
IP addresses. Simply stated, domain names allow people
to find your web site by name rather than by its
numerical (IP) address.
Name System (DNS)
for tracking other machines (that contain web sites) and
their numeric IP addresses. It translates domain names
(for example, www.rackspace.co.uk into a numerical IP
address). When a computer is referred to by name, a
domain name server puts that name into the numeric IP
address assigned to that computer. So when you buy a
domain, say www.yourname.com, it does not become
accessible until it gets assigned an IP address from a
hosting company. Once the IP address is assigned, a
cross-reference record (DNS record) is created that
points your domain name to the numeric IP address.
Office Protocol) is an actual e-mail account on your web
host's e-mail server. Think of each POP account as a
unique email address. You should know exactly how many
email accounts are required to meet your specific needs.
Transfer Protocol (FTP)
A way of
transferring files (uploading and downloading) across
the Internet. Most web sites are uploaded to the
Internet by means of an FTP program. This is how the web
site you create on your computer at home is transferred
(uploaded) to the Internet. Some software, such as
Microsoft Front Page, does not require use of an FTP
program but the use of most other HTML editors requites
the use of and FTP Program.
hear the term "host" in the Internet world, it is
referring to an Internet company that has the required
servers and software to connect domain names to (IP)
Internet Protocol numbers so that your site can be
viewed by the public when they type your domain in their
browser window. Basically this is where you house your
site, and you usually have to pay a monthly or annual
fee for this service.
the platform of the hosting providers' servers. Hosting
companies typically have hosting platforms based upon
Windows 2000 (Win2K), Windows NT or Linux. If you have a
basic web site that does not make use of server side
applications such as a database then you do not need to
worry which platform is used.
Markup Language (HTML)
the code that web pages are written in and the browser
interprets to turn into the web page you view on the
Transport Protocol (HTTP)
protocol for transferring hypertext files across the
Internet. It requires a HTTP client program on one end,
and an HTTP server program on the other end. HTTP is the
most important protocol used in the World Wide Web
(WWW). You see it every time you type a web site in your
number used to specify hosts and networks. Internet
Protocol (IP) numbers are used for identifying machines
that are connected to the Internet. They are sometimes
called a dotted quad and are unique numbers consisting
of 4 parts separated by dots, They would look something
like this 18.104.22.168 Every machine that is on the
Internet has a unique IP number - if a machine does not
have an IP number, it is not really on the Internet.
Most machines also have one or more Domain Names that
are easier for people to remember.
Service Provider (ISP)
or institution that provides access to the Internet in
some form, usually for money. They will usually allow
users to dial up through a modem, DSL, or cable
connection to view the information on the Internet
Access is via SLIP, PPP, or TCP/IP. Picking your ISP is
an important decision but has more to do with how you
access the Internet rather than which host you choose.
scripting language which enables web designers to add
dynamic, interactive elements to a web site.
is an application or a script that is written in Java
and executed on a server, as opposed to on a client. It
is analogous to CGI, although servlets are more than
simply CGI scripts written in Java.
Database Connectivity (ODBC) is a generic way for
applications to speak to a database. ODBC acts as an
interpreter between an application (say a Cold Fusion or
ASP application) and a database (like Microsoft Access).
By using ODBC, a connector can be created that will
allow a web application that you create to read data
from and insert data into an Access database that you've
created. An ODBC source is a directory entry that
specifies database information. This ODBC source (or DSN
Source) allows your site to point to the correct
database located on the web server.
(Practical Extraction and Report Language)
Perl is an
interpreted language optimised for scanning arbitrary
text files, extracting information from those text
files, and printing reports based on that information.
It's also a good language for many system management
another scripting language. Like ASP, its commands are
embedded within the HTML of a web page. The commands are
executed on the web server, making it browser
independent. The web browser only sees the resulting
HTML output of the PHP code.
Office Protocol (POP)
This is a
method of retrieving e-mail from an e-mail server. Most
e-mail applications (sometimes called an e-mail client)
use the POP protocol, although some can use the newer
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol).
monthly amount that you will have to pay a hosting
company to provide the hosting services requested.
Paying monthly is normally perfectly acceptable, but
discounts may be available by paying quarterly or
that has the software and data needed to locate name
servers that contain authoritative data for the
A one time
setup fee to set up your hosting account.
computer, or software package, that provides a specific
kind of service to client software running on other
computers. The term can refer to a particular piece of
software, such as a WWW or HTTP server, or to the
machine on which the software is running. A single
server machine could have several different server
software packages running on it, thus providing many
different servers to clients on the network. More
specifically, a server is a computer that manages and
shares network resources.
Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
protocol used to send electronic mail on the Internet.
Most Internet email is sent and received using SMTP.
SMTP consists of a set of rules for how a program
sending mail and a program receiving mail should
Side Includes (SSI)
that can be included in web pages that are processed by
the web server when a user requests a file. The command
takes the form <!--#include virtual="/path/to/file"-->.
A common use for SSI commands is to insert a universal
menu into all of the pages of the web site so that the
menu only has to be changed once and inserted with SSI
instead of changing the menu on every page.
Socket Layer (SSL)
designed to enable encrypted, authenticated
communications across the Internet. It is used mostly
(but not exclusively) in communications between web
browsers and web servers. URL's that begin with "https"
indicate that an SSL connection will be used. SSL
provides 3 important things: Privacy, Authentication,
and Message Integrity.
information regarding your Web site, including the
number of hits, the source of those hits, most popular
pages and amount of data transferred, as well as other
or e-mail technical support provided by the hosting
company to their customers. When there's a problem with
your site, e-mail or database etc, you want to be able
to get an answer promptly by e-mail or on the phone.
24/7/365 support is important if your site is an
e-commerce site with a lot of daily visitors.
This is a
set of communications protocols to connect hosts on the
operating system designed to be used by many people at
the same time (it is multi-user) and has TCP/IP
built-in. It is the most common operating system for
servers on the Internet.
Resource Locator (URL)
standard way to give the address of any resource on the
Internet that is part of the World Wide Web (WWW).
a unique IP address (see IP Address) provides a
one-to-one relationship between your domain name
(www.yourname.com) and an IP address.
process of providing video data or content via a web
server is a web server which shares its resources with
multiple users. It's another way of saying that multiple
web sites share the resources of one server.